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Cryptozoology – What is that?

Science on monsters?

Have you ever heard about this pseudoscience? Maybe not, but who hasn’t heard of Loch Ness Monster, chupacabras and Yeti. Well, cryptozoology is pseudoscience about beings that hide from plain sight, or for us mere mortals, about mystical or non-existing beings.

What does cryptozoologist do?

Cryptozoologists study mystical beings, also called cryptides. Cryptides include vast variety of creatures from different folklores and even long extinct animals, like mermaids, dinosaurs, and megalodons!!!
For many, cryptozoologists are on wild-goose chase, still holding on to that sense of wonder and unbelievable discoveries in a world that is well studied and ordinary.
However, many biologists agree with cryptozoologist in one thing, that this world is still full of unknown that could be discovered. Difference is that, biologists believe that unexplored world lies on the level of insects and invertebrates, and that chances are slim to none to discover some new giant creature living on a mainland.
This most certainly doesn’t restrain cryptozoologist from exploring and attempting to record some of these creatures. Yet to this day, no single, accepted and successful method for discovery of these hidden beings has been invented. However, this is not an obstacle for cryptozoologists to advocate to be recognized as parascientists, similar as parapsychologist.

Most famous cryptide

As mentioned before, famous ones are Loch Ness monster- Nessie from Scotland, Bigfoot or Sasquatch and chupacabra in North America, and Yeti in Himalayans.

Vampires, Owlman and goblins

When we are talking monsters and cryptozoology, we most certainly have to mention those less famous cryptides like: Aswang – werebeast or cannibalistic humanlike shapeshifter from Philippines, Goblins – little humanoids from Girone in Spain, Owlman – large winged creature from Mawnan, Cornwall, England, and vampires.

And how those various creatures should look like, you can check out below

Animal Lovers, world is beautiful and full of amazing creatures, even without cryptides, so please look after it.

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Incredible flying fish – Is it a bird? Is it a plane? No, it’s a superfish

Do flying fish really fly?

Well, you could say that, but to be more precise, these fish are gliders, not flyers. Their body is strong enough to make powerful self-propelled leap in the air, and their long fins enable them to glide over the water. This ability is so incredible, it inspired people to use this behavior as model for making planes in early 1900s.

Why do flying fish fly anyway?

Flying fish inhabits top layer of the ocean, and as you can imagine, this zone is pretty popular in marine world. Sunlight still barges through water, making this zone abundant with life. It is inhabited by plankton, but also with sharks, dolphins, tuna and marlins, whose menu includes flying fish.

Pink-wing flying fish.jpg
By NOAA, Public Domain, Wikimedia

Flying fish flies to protect itself from predators. That is to say, when attacked by dolphin or some other predator, it raises it body and starts gliding over water surface, escaping from threat. Its body becomes rigid, and thus, increases aerodynamics, as well as speed and aim. To end gliding, it enters water with pectoral fin, or it can put tail in the water and push itself aginst the water for another glide, usually in different direction. This skill has protected it from many marine threats, but also attracted other kind of predators – birds. Flying fish can fly even up to 1300 feet (average is 150 feet) and in order to remain over the surface of water, its tail has to hit water 70 times per second!!

Take a look at this super fish’s amazing gliding in video below:

Where can flying fish be seen?

In warm waters they are always close to water surface, and your best chance at seeing them live is at Barbados or Taiwan. Actually, Barbados is also called “land of flying fish” and Taiwan its “home”.
Near Taiwan, there is a cluster of tiny islands, where, every year, there is a festival in honor of flying fish. Young men from these islands perform ceremonial rituals in homage to the fish. In Taiwan, flying fish is great delicacy, and experts on their cuisine claim it is prepared in sea water without addition of salt.

Unique way of catching flying fish

Taiwanese fishermen have a special way of fishing it, because for catching this fish you don’t need fishing tackle, Secret to fishing it is that flying fish is attracted to light. So, Taiwanese fishermen sail by night, in canoe-like little boats, and swing lit torches above the water and flying fish, just like that, glide into the boat on their own. It is clear that one could catch a lot of fish this way, but today over-fishing is strictly forbidden.
In Taiwan this fish is fished, but also celebrated. For them, this fish represents particular way of life and heritage. And for us, they might be curiosity but also a reminder that magical creatures live are all around us, and you just have to take a good look, wouldn’t you agree?

Animal Lovers next time you enjoy your vacation on some warm sea or ocean, look around, because there might be someone gliding beside you.

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Megalodon – The Largest Predator Of All Times

Who was Megalodon?

Megalodon was ginormous shark, a predator that used to live in all seas and oceans. It was biggest shark in the world, three times the size of big white shark. It was 59ft long and weighed 23 tons. Some of the larger specimens are believed to have weighed up to 60 tons.


By Karen Carr, CC BY 3.0, Wikimedia Commons

Does it exist today?

No, it was extinct over two million years ago, but from time to time, someone reports sighting, which is, you would agree, rather impossible.

What did the 60-ton creature eat to get full?

In order to be fed properly, Megalodon ate about a ton of food a day. It usual menu would consist of sea cows, sea lions, dolphins, whales, and other creatures that swam the warmer waters.

Megalodon
By Lonfat (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

7 inch teeth

Due to its enormous teeth, it is also called Megatooth shark Meg or Big tooth shark. Because teeth were razor sharp, it could hunt pray like whales or even crack giant-turtle’s shell. Largest Megalodon’s tooth found is 7,48 inches long and was found in Ocucaje, Peru.

Teeth are only fossil remains supporting existence of this giant shark

Because of its cartilaginous skeleton, only proof of existence is its teeth. They can be, believe it or not, even bought and sold online. Megalodon had 5 rows of teeth, which looked like conveyor’s belt, and if worn, they would be quickly replaced, in a day or two. Many fossil tooth remains were found as they changed up to 1000 teeth during lifetime.

Bite force

Megalodon had the strongest bite in the whole world, from 24-40 lbf, which is 6 to 10 times stronger than the bite of big white shark.

Dragon’s tongue cure for everything

For centuries it was believed that fossil remains of Megalodon’s and other big shark’s teeth are dragon’s tongue, which, according to legend, turns to stone when severed from dragon. It was used as a cure for many diseases and for witch-work, and only in 1667 Danish scientist Nicolaus Steno determined it was shark’s tooth.

Why did the largest shark go extinct?

Different factors, probably, led to extinction of Megalodon. Among them are dramatic climate change, migration of whales, these predators fed on, to colder waters in which Megalodon couldn’t survive, and starved to death. There is theory that Megalodon mostly fed on smaller mysticeti lineages, which also went extinct, so, unfortunately in this case also, starved to death. Although, you will agree, it’s not easy to find a ton of food, is it?

Animal Lovers enjoy with us and let us protect our beautiful planet together. ❤❤❤

 

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Tasmanian tiger – Extinct or ….?

Thylacine – Tasmanian tiger or Tasmanian wolf

Thylacine was nocturnal animal, inhabiting continental part of Australia, and is considered extinct in 20th century according to official data.

Tasmanian tiger
Wikimedia Commons

Tasmanian kangaroo

Although, Thalacine is called wolf or tiger, it doesn’t resemble any of these two animals. In fact, it mostly resembles kangaroo. They could make bipedal hop (as kangaroos) and kept their babies in a pouch for first three months. Babies would stay in the pouch until they gained their sight and some fur, which would usually happen around third month. But, closest living relatives of Tasmanian tiger are definitely Tasmanian devil and numbat.

Tasmanian tiger’s pack

They hunted by night and usually in small groups or packs. Pack communicated among itself with something most resembling repeated guttural cough or barking. While it roamed through eucalyptus forests, wetlands and grasslands, it fed on kangaroos, wallabies, wombats and possums, and, what contributed to its extinction, sheep.

5 shilling male, 7 shilling bounty for female head of Tasmanian tiger

By the beginning of 20th century, Van Diemen’s Land Company offered this, thinking it will solve sheep killing problem, and later on even Tasmanian government paid for their heads. It was estimated that over 2000 Tasmanian tiger deaths were financed by taxpayer money.

Benjamin, last Tasmanian tiger

With their number decreasing, only few were left. In Hobart zoo, Tasmania, last remaining specimen, Benjamin, lived. He died after three years in captivity and not by natural causes. In fact, it is believed that Benjamin was left outside of its warm shelter by accident, so he froze to death.

Officially extinct in 1982

It was declared extinct 50 years after last sighting in wild. But, Australian Rare Fauna Research Association reported over 3800 sightings after 1936. There are many recordings claiming it’s Tasmanian tiger, but no official confirmation. Locals from Mount Carstensz in Western New Guinea, claim to have seen it often, but it hasn’t been officially confirmed either.

Cloning of Tasmanian tiger

This issue has been followed with much stigma and public condemnation, as it was introduced in 1999. It was reported in 2008 that gene of Tasmanian tiger was restored from hundred year old ethanol-fixed museum specimen tissue, meaning that maybe someday its nuclear genome can be completed. But again, even if we had complete genome, question is who would be suitable surrogate mother for Tasmanian tiger. So it might be possible someday, but for now that day is far away.

Animal Lovers, protect the planet and all living creatures on it.

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English and American Cocker Spaniel

English cocker spaniel is an active dog, and as its name says, from England. This breed is known for about 500 years. This is a hound, completely adapted to life in small area, but with a lot of exercise and walks. Intelligent and attached to their family, they are sociable, but training with positive confirmation is always advised. They are known to hold a grudge, if mistreated.

Cockers like children, but don’t tolerate poking, so they are not recommended for families with small toddlers.
This athletic dog, even though can be accustomed to life in an apartment, needs exercise and a lot of it. They are prone to gaining weight, so the best suited owner for them is the one that doesn’t spend long hours at work and likes longer walks. Cockers really don’t like loneliness. They are not backyard dogs and can become anxious, barky and generally unhappy, if left alone for long periods of time.

Cockers, opposed to some other dogs, like cats. They can get along really nice, so the old one “getting along like cats and dogs” doesn’t apply here.
Cocker-Graph
By Miyagawa (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons

Did you hear about “rage syndrome”?

With some Cocker spaniels, as well as with some other breeds, this unusual syndrome is observed. It appears most often with exhibition dogs, when the unexpectedly attacks, completely unaware of its surrounding.Fortunately for us, and all cocker spaniels, this syndrome is very rare.
Diseases that affect them are frequent ear infections, hip dysplasia, renal failure, congenital deafness, and dilated cardiomyopathy.

Close relative to English cocker spaniel is American cocker spaniel, which originated from former, but is not a hound. Actually, American cocker is the smallest sporting dog in the world. It is smaller than its English counterpart, with rich silky coat and passion for company of people and long walks.

Cocker is smart, and how much see for yourself

Animal Lovers, spread the love and send us pictures of your pets.

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You must’ve seen it, but have you heard of it? – Axolotl

Axolotl, Mexican salamander or Mexican walking fish

This amphibian, originating from Mexico, is extremely endangered species. Used to inhabit lake Xochimilco, but due to accelerated urbanization, not any more. Fortunately, it thrives in captivity, and actually, life as an exotic pet really suits it.

It is water animal, and, opposed to it relative frog, does not metamorphose and becomes adult. It keeps gills its whole life, and, in fact, Axolotl stays tadpole its entire life.
They come in different colors: olive-brown, black, white….

It is also relative to lizards, so like them it has incredible power of regeneration. It can grow new pair of legs and even less vital parts of brain.

Favorite meal for Axolotl are worms, but they are very gluttonous animals, and often perish due to ingestion of foreign objects, so the best advice is not to put anything larger than inch in its aquarium.

World is full of amazing creatures, so let us celebrate our planet in all its diversity and awesomeness.

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Philippine Tarsier

Mascot

Meet Tarsier, primate with the largest eyes proportionate to its body in the world. These little monkeys populate islands of Southeast Asia, primarily Philippines. They got their name due to extremely elongated tarsus bones on their feet, which enable them to leap easily from tree to tree and climb on high trees.

Tarsier might seem familiar, because this little bulgy-eyed fella was inspiration for character Yoda from Star Wars, and they are often called “little aliens”. They are no aliens, and are, in fact, earthlings much longer than humans, 40 million years longer.

Cuteness aside, tarsier is, actually, a hunter, feeding on insects, snakes and occasionally birds and never feeds on fruits and veggies. Each of its big eyes, which point to the fact they are nocturnal animal, is larger than its brain. Eyes are, indeed, so big they cannot move, so tarsier can rotate its neck 180 degrees much like owls do.

Tarsiers were not able to form successful colonies in captivity and are listed among 25 most endangered primates in the world, so their survival depends, primarily, on preservation of their natural habitat.
You can find more about conservation of Tarsiers here.

Animals Lovers protect each other and our big green planet.

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Feeling lonely? No biggie! Just adopt Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Feeling lonely? No biggie! Just adopt Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

This cute spaniels, originally from England, got the name after King Charles The Second, who was so enchanted with them, that he allowed them to enter all of British public institutions.

They were never used for hunting, so they are really more of lap dogs. They adore people, children and other dogs and are good choice for a second quadruped, given, of course, that the first is not belligerent.

They are very attached to their family, patient and tolerant, and, therefore, recommended for families with small toddlers. Cavalier loves everyone around him, plays with much larger dogs, is not timid and tends wholeheartedly to please his humans. They are also good therapy dogs, hence the nickname, comforter dog.

Colorful, playful and amazing, after all, see for yourself:

They are not that street wise, so they need to be trained not to chase cars, birds or other things in motion.

Their beautiful silky coat needs frequent brushing, preferably once a week, and occasional trimming. As all Cavaliers in the world actually descend from 6 dogs, this breed, unfortunately, suffers from diseases such as mitral valve disease, hip dysplasia and cataract.

Animal Lovers send us pictures of your furry friends and spread love!

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Pygmy Marmosets – Finger or Pocket Monkeys

Meet the smallest primate in the world – Pocket Monkey

This little skilled tree climber lives in Amazonian rainforests of South America. They are active by day drilling holes in tree, feeding on its gum. You could say they’re a gum feeding specialist. Also, they feed on bugs and butterflies are their favorite.

They weigh only 3.5 ounces and are the size of a finger, thus the name.

These highly social animals live in groups ranging from two to nine. Actually, those groups are families, with mum and dad and infants. Rarely, there are adult non-family members in the group. They have good communication means, communicating well both vocally and visually, and with glands.

Love for life

Male and female are monogamous and stay together throughout whole life. Male helps female with delivery, and when babies are born, caries them for about two weeks, while female searches for food in order to have a lot of milk.

They usually have twin pregnancies

Finger monkeys usually have twins, and often twice a year. Thus, whole family is involved in care of the babies, including older siblings.

In some states it is legal to keep them as pets, but you should think twice about that. They need a lot of space, trees, and mental stimulation to be happy, and even if you can provide that, don’t forget that these cute little fellas love the company of their own kind.

Meet adorable marmoset babies. Can you spot them?

Spread love and love like finger monkeys!!!

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French bulldog – The Clown Dog

French bulldogs are actually not from France, they are English. They were first bred in England by mixing bulldogs with small terriers and pugs. French fell in love with them, so English exported them gladly, especially small specimens with stood up ears.

They used to be high society’s dogs, extremely expensive and rare. They were adored and considered a status symbol.
They are also sometimes called “frog dogs”, because, as you can see with Teddy, when they sit sometimes they look like a toad.

They are one of the rare members of dog population that don’t know how to swim. Their head is too large and it’s hard to keep it afloat it with their small body.

They don’t like too cold or too hot. On high temperatures these dog can easily have a heart attack, so it is not recommended for them to exercise or run in heat, furthermore, short and slow walks are recommended. True sloth by nature, Frenchie doesn’t really suffer with only two short walks a day, especially during summer. Also, with a short coat, cute clothes are a winter must.
Loves people, children and even cats, only loneliness bothers this cutie. Well socialized Frenchie likes anyone around, always has fun or naps nearby, and if left alone for too long during day, can become anxious and even depressed.

This little dog, very popular in New York, is completely adapted to city life in small spaces and with shorter walks, and at home it will entertain you and be a loyal friend.
It doesn’t surprise that Frenchies got a nickname “Clown Dogs”, as you can see in video below:

French bulldog, an exceptional dog for socialization and relaxation.
What’s your Frenchie story?